Terminal 3 (T3) of Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), New Delhi, has become the first terminal in the world to have successfully registered with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project for its emission reduction initiatives.
T3 has adopted various energy efficient measures thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions of 16,413 tons of CO2 annually into the atmosphere. These measures include energy efficient initiatives for Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), improved roof insulation, radar sensor based escalators, and travelators and a tempered cooling system.
The project made use of the approved CDM methodology AMS II.E (Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings) for calculating the emission reduction potential. CDM is one of the flexibility mechanisms defined under Kyoto Protocol, which provides market based measures to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions.
UNFCCC is an international environmental treaty that was announced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (informally known as the Earth Summit) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992.
‘Energy Efficiency’ is one of the core objectives of the ‘National Action Plan on Climate Change’ of India and which T3 of IGIA has successfully addressed. The CDM project results in reduction of total energy consumption and saving in the use of fossil fuels and its associated greenhouse gas emissions.